The "New England Australia" Wine Region
The "New England Australia" GI wine producing area, although recognised as a relatively new wine producing region, is in fact a re-emerging wine region with an interesting history. Grape growing in the region dates back as far as the first settlers. Squatters and settlers planted vineyards and made their own wine due to the difficulty in transporting alcohol from other major centres. The most famous of these was Mr. George Wyndham, founder of award winning Wyndham Estate winery. George established a 100,000 acre property "Bukkulla", near Inverell the 1850s.
By 1870 George had 10ha of vines bearing fruit which contributed to the total 11,000 gallons of Wyndham Estate wines being produced each year. By about 1905 after the arrival of the railway, wine production from the Inverell area of New England was 227,000 litres from seven or eight larger vineyards and a number of smaller vineyards totaling about 45Ha.
Between 1870 & 1920 wines from the area won many awards at wine shows in Sydney, Amsterdam, London, San Francisco, Chicago & in shows across France. A prominent English wine judge of the time wrote of the Bukkulla wines, "(They) have a character and quality above the average of most wine-producing countries. The lowest quality is better than a large proportion of the ordinary wines of Europe, while the best would not suffer in comparison to the finest known growths".
The New England Australia area is unlike any other grape growing region in Australia. This is due the region's diversity from high altitude (with a good number of vineyards above 1,000m), cool climate vineyards along the spine of the Great Dividing Range to the lower and warmer sites on the western edges of the New England Tablelands.